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Eugenio Magano Farm 01 (Cadu, Ilagan) EcoCulture Projects

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Threat of El Niño in 2014

There is a great chance that the cyclical El Niño may happen this year (2014). In the Philippines and most of the Southeastern countries of the Pacific Ocean, El Niño augers a period of prolonged hot weather and scarcity of rain that would lead to a devastating prolonged drought. [In contrast, El Niño brings heavy rains and severe flooding in the Western part of the United States and a nuumber of countries in South America.]

While the 2014 rainy season is already underway, there was a scarcity of rain in June, only six (6) days in Ilagan (compared with the average of 12 days of precipitation in June) --  some of June 2014 rains were very short rainstorms while others were very mild precipitation.  After a two day train, the first half of July 2014 was quite dry. The three typhoons that passed through select regions in the Philippines around mid July brought heavy rains in affected regions. [Some farmers who expected  the regularity of rain inJuly before planting lost their crops.]

The EcoCulture Rainwater Sequestration Projects proposed here may be too late to counter the devastating impact of a potential prolonged drought of a 2014 El Nino. However, El Nino is a cyclical meteorological worldwide phenomenon that comes once every 2-7 years for a duration of several month to as long as two years. [Read more about El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO).]

 

 Eugenio-Magano Farm 01 (Cadu, Ilagan) EcoCulture Projects
Eugenio-Magano Farm 01 (Cadu, Ilagan) EcoCulture Projects.

A Personal Story. When I was quite young, growing up in Cagayan Valley (in a village "Where the Two Rivers Meet"), I was quite puzzled why the crops from farms just a few meters from the Pinacanuan River (now Ilagan River) has to wilt and die during the dry season. Idealistic that I was as a boy, I concocted my own versions of pumping system from the river up to the steep banks to water the drying fields. When I was introduced to physics, more particularly thermodyanmics, what I realized was that the pumping system I invented as a boy was a "perpetual motion machine". However, what I learned also was that some ancient civilizations (thousands of years ago) have found ways and persevered to grow crops even in "desert regions" and places where there is a scarcity of rainwater. [More on this in a separate point of view.]

Long Term Solutions

The EcoCulture projects proposed here are intended for tropical countries like the Philippines -- with defined rainy season and dry season, and, the occurrence of several typhoons each year -- to address the following key issues:

  1. How to store in place, most (if not all) of the rainwater during the rainy season, for use later during the dry season, and especially during prolonged drought during the advent of El Niño.
  2. How to mitigate the devastating impact of flash floods, as a result of heavy rains during typhoons (compounded by massive deforestation).
  3. How to mitigate the impact of strong winds that accompany typhoons and storms that visit the Philippines several times each year. 

La Niña