Compared with the diverse terrains and biodiverse vegetation of the Santo Tomas, Naguilian farms, or, the mainly upland terrain of the Malalam farms, the Cadu farms are mainly low undulating rolling hills with more broad flat lands than the two other land ecosystems cited.
However, at present, all the farm ecosystems we are planning to develop as EcoCulture farms are still essentially "monoculture" agriculture farm systems. That is, the same tract of land in each farm would be planted to either rice or corn, season after season.
Fig. 01. Mandarin Citrus Grove in the Southern portion of Farm 03. A few coconut trees have been planted along the barangay road.
Cassava. Apart from rice and corn, cassava has become one of major crops also in the Santo Tomas, Naguilian farms because of its predominantly hilly terrain; plus cassava requires less labor and capital to cultivate. So far, from our site visits cassava has not become a major crop in other farms in Ilagan and many parts of Isabela or Cagayan.
Conversion to Ecoculture Farms
For a more systematic conversion of existing "monoculture" farms to what we refer to as Ecoculture Farms, our first priority is a more thorough inventoryt of commercial crops already grown in the farms, as well as indigenous plants and other flora and fauna that thrive in the locality and in the region.
We pay attention also to the disappearance of flora and fauna that were once abundant in the locality and the region.
Water resources. We chose the location of Santo Tomas, Naguilian farms for our project, in part because of the Mallig Creek that borders the Southern portion of the farms. As it turned out, the Mallig Creek, so far has water year round. We have not found any nearby creek or spring in the Cadu area where the Eugenio-Magano farms are located. The farms therefore will be dependent of rainwater during the rainy season.
Fruit Trees. With established roots in Lumban, Laguna and Ballacong, Ilagan, one of the major innovations introduced by the Eugenio-Magano family in the Cadu farms is the cultivation of fruits trees, especially rambutan and citrus trees like Mandarin orange, duhat, and others that adapted well to the hot and humid climate of Isabela.[Lanzones, a major fruit crop in CALABARZON, must not have adapted properly in Isabela.]
Zone b Mandarin Orange Groves
Zone f Mandarin Orange Groves
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Photos by Jun Guarin and CGC. Jun and Jane Apostol compiled the resources statistics. Copyright ©2014 Kalikasan Philippines.