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Manayan Farm, Malalam, Ilagan

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Hilltop, Santo Tomas, Naguilian

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Farm 03 Cadu, Ilagan

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Deep Rooted Legumes

Leucaena leucocephala

 Leucaena leucocephala
Leucaena leucocephala. Photo CGC. Copyright ©2014 by Kalikasan Philippiines.

Morphological description. Shrub or tree up to 18 m tall, forked when shrubby and branching strongly after coppicing, with greyish bark and prominent lenticels. Leaves bipinnate with 4-9 pairs of pinnae, variable in length up to 35 cm, with a large gland (up to 5 mm) at the base of the petiole; leaflets 11-22 pairs/pinna, 8-16 mm x 1-2 mm, acute. Flowers numerous, in globose heads with a diameter of 2-5 cm, stamens (10 per flower) and pistil 10 mm long, anthers pilose, dehiscing at dawn. Pod 14-26 cm x 1.5-2 cm, pendant, brown at maturity. Seeds 18-22 per pod , 6-10 mm long, brown 

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Stylosanthes scabra

Stylosanthes scabra
Stylosanthes scabra. Photo copyright © by

Morphological description. An erect to sub-erect shrubby perennial to 2 m tall, with strong, deep taproot (to 4 m). Young stems vary from green to reddish in colour, depending on the strain; usually with dense hairs and bristles, and viscid, becoming woodier with age. Leaves trifoliolate; leaflets hairy on both surfaces, elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, pale green to dark green and dark blue-green in colour; terminal leaflet 20-33 mm long, 4-12 mm wide. Inflorescence an axillary or terminal, shortly elongate spike, 1-3 cm long, comprising several pale to darker yellow flowers. 2-segmented pod, both segments usually fertile; the upper segment 4-5 mm long (including recurved beak or hook 1-2 mm long), and the lower segment 2-3 mm long; seeds asymmetrically reniform, to 2 mm long, pale to light brown. 400,000-500,000 seed-in-pod and 600,000-800,000 de-hulled seed/kg.  

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Macroptilium atropurpureum

Macroptilium atropurpureum
Macroptilium atropurpureum. Photo copyright ©2007 by Kristopher Kupsch

Morphological description. Perennial herb with deep, swollen taproot and trailing, climbing and twining stems. Stems at the base of older plants fibrous, >5 mm diameter; younger stems mostly 1-2 mm diameter, pubescent to densely pilose with white hairs; occasionally forming nodal roots under ideal conditions. Leaves trifoliolate; leaflet blades 2-7 x 1.5-5 cm, darker green and finely hairy on the upper surface, grey-green, pubescent on the lower surface, with leaf margins sparsely to densely, finely ciliate. Lateral leaflets ovate to narrowly elliptical, obtuse, mostly with one or two, shallow to deep lobes on the outer margin; terminal leaflet rhomboid, with or without single lobe either side. Inflorescence a raceme comprising 6-12 often paired flowers on a short rachis, peduncle 10-30 cm long. Flower: calyx campanulate-tubular, hairy, tube 8-9 mm long and 3 mm wide, corolla with conspicuous wings 15-17 mm long, deep purple with reddish tinge near base; standard smaller than wings, obovate deltoid at base, reflexed, yellow-green with a purple tint; keel pink, forms a complete spiral. Pods straight, linear-cylindrical, acuminate-beaked, pubescent, 5-10 cm long, 3-5 mm diameter, containing up to 12 (-15) seeds. Pods dehisce violently (shatter) when ripe. Seeds speckled, light brown to black, flattened ovoid , 4 x 2.5 x 2 mm, 75,000/kg. 

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