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Historical and projected Philippine population growth; policy implications on land use, food production and resource allocation

Philippine Population Growth 1950-2150
Fig. 01. Philippine Population Growth 1950-2150

The Philippines has passed the 100 million population mark in 2014; rather than in 2010 as projected by the US Census based on the Philippine population growth in the 1960-1970 (green filled circles, Fig. 01). It is good news that the Philippine population growth is starting to slow down without the draconian measures. like the "one-child" policy taken by China. And yet, in spite of the slowing growth rate, the Philippine population will continue to grow; perhaps as  high as 170-200 million before the population would actually decline (Fig. 01). Imagine Metro Manila crowded conditions as the norm in many areas of the Philippines.

 If one takes a more positive outlook, large populations mean a greater market potential (imagine China, India) and to an extent this is already experienced in the Philippines. Without careful planning and vision however, uncontrolled population growth has its ugly side effects -- high unemployment rate, pollution, traffic congestions, housing problems, high cost of food, water, transportation, sociological impacts of crowding, etc. -- a preview of all these are now being experienced by Filipinos. Just imagine what it would be like with 175-200 million Filipinos trying to fit together in the same space.

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