Kalikasan Philippines

Manayan Farm, Malalam, Ilagan

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Hilltop, Santo Tomas, Naguilian

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Farm 03 Cadu, Ilagan

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Reference Desk

Urban Farm/Garden

When we hear or read the terms "farm or garden", we think of a plot of land, perhaps even farm animals or machineries needed to cultivate the plot of land.  In the cities and other urban areas of the Philippines, land is very costly and may not be available at all.  

Pasig River, Manila by yougottadance[Pasig River, Manila by yougottadance (Martin Kendall). Taken from Fort Santiago in Intramuros, looking out to Binondo.]

If you live in a high rise building, then land farming or  "ground-based" gardening is not an option.

So, we have to be more imaginative and creative to create our "Urban Farm or Garden".

Read more: Urban Farm/Garden

No Backyard? No Problem

There are many ways to grow vegetables and fruits, even if you have no backyard. All it requires is a bit of imagination and ingenuity.  

Spring-OnionsSpring-Onions[No Backyard? No Problem. by Natural Ways ]

We present here a few ideas shared by people from all over the world, some of the vegetables and fruits suggested are more suited for specific countries and climates, but it should be possible to adopt these ideas to vegetables and fruits more suited for the different climates in the Philippines.

Read more: No Backyard? No Problem

Intensive Rice Farming in Madagascar


The paper describes a technique set up in Madagascar for rice production. It is based on irrigation with a minimum quantity of water and the transplanting of very young seedlings (from 15 to 10 or even 8 days) set individually (no tuft). The spacings vary according to local conditions, from 25 x 25 cm (at 1200 m a.s.l.) to 40 x 40 cm at sea level. Yields went from 2 tons paddy per hectare to 8 or even 12 tons with local varieties. Varieties obtained by selection were not more productive than the local ones under rural production techniques in the country.

Read more: Intensive Rice Farming in Madagascar

Alley Cropping

Alley Cropping Benefits
Alley Cropping Benefits

The first video summarizes the general ideas related to the "Wind breaks and Forest Zones" planned for the EcoCulture project to create a more eco-diverse and bio-diverse farm system. Here's a summary from the video:

"Alley Cropping is planting rows of trees at wide spacings with a companion crop grown in the alleyways between the rows. Alley cropping can diversify farm income, improve crop production and provide protection and conservation benefits to crops. Common examples of alley cropping plantings include wheat, corn, soybeans or hay planted in between rows of black walnut or pecan trees. Non-traditional or value added crops may also be incorporated for extra income, including sunflowers or medicinal herbs planted in between rows of nut trees alternated with nursery stock trees. Fine hardwoods like walnut, oak, ash, and pecan are favored tree species in alley cropping systems and can potentially provide high value lumber or veneer logs while income is derived from a companion crop planted in the alleyways. "

Read more: Alley Cropping

Riparian Forest Buffers

Riparian Forest Buffer
Riparian Forest Buffer.

"Riparian forest buffers are natural or re-established streamside forests made up of tree, shrub, and grass plantings. They buffer non-point source pollution of waterways from adjacent land, reduce bank erosion, protect aquatic environments, enhance wildlife, and increase biodiversity."  - U.Missouri Center for Agroforestry 

Read more: Riparian Forest Buffers