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Manayan Farm, Malalam, Ilagan

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Reference Desk

Windbreaks

Windbreaks
Windbreaks.

"Windbreaks are planned and managed as part of a crop and/or livestock operation to enhance production, protect livestock, and control soil erosion. Field windbreaks protect a variety of wind- sensitive row, cereal, vegetable, orchard and vine crops, control wind erosion, and increase bee pollination and pesticide effectiveness.

Livestock windbreaks help reduce animal stress and mortality, reduce feed consumption, and help reduce visual impacts and odors. Living snowfences keep roads clean of drifting snow and increase driving safety. They can also spread snow evenly across a field, increasing spring soil moisture. " -- U. Missouri Center for Agroforestry

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Vertical Wall Garden


Urban areas in the Philippines, like Metro Manila and the nearby regions, may lack or have vanishing lands (horizontal spaces) for food production.

Metro Manila, Philippines

However, what urban areas have are vast spans of vertical spaces (walls) both inside and outside of buildings and housing units.  There are also roads and walkways that connect and sometime fences that demarcate the clusters of buildings and housing units.

In this article, and other articles in the various sections under "Urban Garden/Farms", we will explore and present ideas from peoples around the world who tried to use those vast spans of vertical spaces (walls) both inside and outside of buildings and housing units as potential areas for urban food production.

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Windbreak

Field Windbreaks in Nrth DakotaField Windbreaks in Nrth Dakota (Wikipedia photo)

windbreak or shelterbelt is a plantation usually made up of one or more rows of trees or shrubs planted in such a manner as to provide shelter from the wind and to protect soil from erosion. They are commonly planted around the edges of fields on farms. If designed properly, windbreaks around a home can reduce the cost of heating and cooling and save energy. Windbreaks are also planted to help keep snow from drifting onto roadways and even yards. Other benefits include providing habitat for wildlife and in some regions the trees are harvested for wood products.

Windbreaks and intercropping can be combined in a farming practice referred to as alleycropping. Fields are planted in rows of different crops surrounded by rows of trees. These trees provide fruit, wood, or protect the crops from the wind. Alley cropping has been particularly successful in India, Africa, and Brazil, where coffee growers have combined farming and forestry.[1]

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Ecotechnology

During Ecotechnics '95 - International Symposium on Ecological Engineering in ÖstersundSweden, the participants agreed on the definition: ”Ecotechnics is defined as the method of designing future societies within ecological frames.”

Comprehensive EcoCulture Projects proposed for the Santo Tomas Farms
Comprehensive EcoCulture Projects proposed for the Santo Tomas Farms. In our EcoCulture studies, we integrate the unique terrains, climate, local flora and fauna, and other ecosytems features and resources unique to the site in designing our EcoCulture projects.

Ecotechnology is an applied science that seeks to fulfill human needs while causing minimal ecological disrupution, by harnessing and manipulating natural forces to leverage their beneficial effects. Ecotechnology integrates two fields of study: the 'ecology of technics' and the 'technics of ecology,' requiring an understanding of the structures and processes of ecosystems and societies. All sustainable engineering that can reduce damage to ecosystems, adopt ecology as a fundamental basis, and ensure conservation of biodiversity and sustainable development may be considered as forms of ecotechnology.

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Push-Pull Farming System

Push-Pull Farming System
Push-Pull Farming System

Africa faces increasingly serious problems in its ability to feed its rapidly growing population, resulting in high hunger and poverty incidences. Growth in agricultural productivity is essential to reduce hunger and poverty and ensure food security. Agricultural growth can be achieved by reducing incidence of the major constraints to productivity such as pests, weeds and degraded soils. These constraints are responsible for the continent’s crop productivity being the lowest in the world, and cause high levels of hunger, malnutrition and poverty. Governments, donors and stakeholders in the Agricultural value chains recognise that in order to address hunger and poverty, these constraints must be effectively addressed. Therefore development and deployment of technologies that would improve sustainability and resilience of the farming systems are needed to contribute towards ending hunger and poverty in Africa and indeed the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The main staple foods in the average African diet are cereals. However, in spite of availability of a number of cereal varieties with improved yield potential, the productivity of staple cereal crops remains low, around 1t/ha. Every year there is thus a critical shortage of cereals in many smallholder households, leading to high grain prices, hunger, undernourishment and widespread poverty. According to the World Development Report (2007), significant yield gains can be made by increasing the productivity of the cereal crops.

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